Chronic kidney disease (CKD) refer to your kidneys’ conditions deteriorate gradually. Chronic kidney disease can be divided into five stages, according to glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Usually, in the first two stages patients have no or minor symptoms. Therefore, the disease is usually ignored.
With your kidneys’ conditions get worse, more metabolic waste builds up in your blood and the complications occur, such as high blood pressure, anemia (low blood count), weak bones, poor nutritional health and nerve damage. In the third stage, patients have few symptoms. If patients pay attention to these symptoms and receive timely treatment, they can preserve their kidney function. If patients miss the chance, the disease may develop into end stage renal disease.
Fatigue or sleepy
Problems concentrating or thinking
Numbness in the hands, feet, or other areas
Muscle twitching or cramps
Easy bruising, bleeding, or blood in the stool
Shortness of breath
Sleep problems, such as insomnia
Swelling of the feet and hands (edema)
Vomiting, typically in the morning
GFR can be calculated from the results of your blood creatinine test, your age, body size and gender. It can reflect the level of kidney function. The chronic kidney disease stages are divided based on GFR.
|Stage||Characteristic||GFR level (mL/min/1.73 m2)|
|1||Slightly kidney damage with normal or higher GFR||≥90|
|2||Mild kidney damage||60-89|
|3||Moderate kidney damage||30-59|
|4||Severe kidney damage||15-29|
|5||End stage renal disease||< 15|
In the first two stages, patients have minor symptoms. Patients need to keep their blood pressure and blood sugar in a normal range, keep a health lifestyle and regular test.
In Stage 3, patients may suffer some complications, such as high blood pressure, anemia and hyperphosphatemia. Patients need to take some medicine to control these complications.High blood pressure
Controlling blood pressure will slow further kidney damage and the goal is to keep blood pressure at or below 130/80 mmHg. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are used most often for kidney disease patients. Patients who get the blood pressure well controlled can effectively protect the kidneys and prevent heart disease and stroke.
Erythropoietin is a common medicine for kidney patients with the symptom of anemia. During taking the medicine, patients need to take extra iron in the diet or iron pills, because iron is an ingredient of red blood cells. Without enough iron intakes, the medicine can’t take effect.
If patients have phosphate accumulating in blood, phosphate binders help prevent phosphorous levels from becoming too high.
In addition to these western medicines, traditional Chinese medicine also has effective treatment for chronic kidney disease. Chinese medicines not only treat the symptoms but the underlying cause of the disease. In this regard, Chinese medicines can achieve more complete treatment than Western medicine.
Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy is a characteristic treatment of our hospital with the effects of dilating blood vessels, anti-inflammation, anti-coagulation, degradation of extracellular matrix. In 20 years clinical practice, this therapy has achieved good curative effects on kidney disease.
- Quit smoking and drinking.
- Do regular exercises
- Take drugs to lower your cholesterol, if needed.
- Keep your blood sugar under control.
- Control the volume of fluids you drink.
- Keep a low-protein diet.
- You may have to restrict salt, potassium, phosphorous, and other electrolytes.
- Eat meals that are low in fat and cholesterol.
- Get enough calories when you are losing weight.
Usually, chronic kidney disease has slow progress. If patients can find the disease and receive timely treatment, they can improve their prognosis, enhancing life quality. If you happens to have CKD but haven’t found effective treatment or correct diet plan, you can email to firstname.lastname@example.org. We are glad to give your suggestions for free.
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