As its name implies, diabetic nephropathy is a result of long-term diabetes(usually 5-8 years). If kidney damage can be detected and treated early, a better curative effect can be attained. Well, how to diagnose diabetic kidney disease?
Microalbumin urine test Generally speaking, the first sign of kidney damage in diabetic nephropathy is microalbuminuria. And this test can help detect a small amount of protein in urine(normally, a routine urine test can not detect it). According to the research, the growth rate of microalbuminuria is 10%-20% every year.
Blood test During this test, your creatinine level can be figured out. When high creatinine level occurs, it indicates at least 50% kidney function have been lost. Besides, by analyzing your creatinine level, age, gender, body weight and other factors, the GFR level can be calculated, which is an important index to measure how your kidneys work.
Urine test This test is done to measure the quantity of certain substances in urine, such as, red blood cells, white blood cells, protein and so on.
Blood pressure test In addition to high blood sugar level, high blood pressure can also worsen kidney damage in diabetic nephropathy. Normally, the reasonable value of blood pressure should be controlled within 130/80mm Hg.
Other factors As the disorder progresses, lesions may occur in other parts of the body, especially the eyes and feet.
Special tests At our center, we also provide patients with some special tests. Here, we will introduce Toxins in Blood Tests and Kidney Damage Tests.
As for the former test, it can be used to identify different sizes of toxins in blood. For instance, BUN, creatinine, uric acid, β2-microglobulin, parathyroid hormone and so on. By doing so, it can offer directions to improve the prognosis.
As for the latter test, it can help figure out whether your kidneys are damaged or not. Besides, it can also help tell the degree of kidney damage.
If there is anything unclear about how to diagnose diabetic nephropathy, do remember to contact us by emailing to email@example.com immediately!