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FSGS Causes, Symptoms, Diet and Treatment

What is FSGS?

FSGS refers to Focal Segmental Glomerular Sclerosis, which mainly causes damage in patient’s glomeruli partially.“Focal”refers to only some glomeruli are damaged, “segmental” refers to glomerulus is damaged partially, “sclerosis” refers to the scarring in glomerulus.

FSGS is more likely to appear in children and adolescents, and it is a major cause of nephrotic syndrome.

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What can cause FSGS?

FSGS can be divided into the primary and the secondary. The primary FSGS is mainly due to genetic inheritance, but FSGS is not a genetic kidney disease, and patients obtain the susceptibility of FSGS. The secondary FSGS can be caused by many factors, such as virus, medicine, hypertension, etc.

To diagnose FSGS, patients will need to take renal osteopathy, because it is easy to misdiagnose, and if necessary, patients with FSGS will need to take renal osteopathy for twice.

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What are the symptoms of FSGS?

FSGS is a disease which is very likely to cause nephrotic syndrome, and that means many obvious symptoms will appear in patient’s body. As patients’ kidney damage become severer, more symptoms can appear, and these below are some common symptoms.

•Proteinuria

•Hematuria

•Edema

•Hypertension

•Itching

•Fatigue

Besides, patients with FSGS may also have symptoms like muscle cramp, frequent urination at night, nausea and vomiting, etc.

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What are the common complications of FSGS?

Kidney is an important organ of our body, while FSGS can cause damage in patient’s kidney gradually, so FSGS can cause many metabolic disorders in patient’s body systems.

•Complications of blood system: FSGS can cause complications such as anemia, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, etc.

•Complications of digestive system: problems can also appear in patient’s digestive system, like abdominal swelling, dyspepsia, constipation, etc.

•Complications of bone system: when patients are in the late stage of FSGS, their disease can cause them to have problems like renal osteopathy, osteoporosis, etc.

•Complications of muscle-nerve system: patients can also have many complications in patient’s muscle-nerve system, such as restless legs syndrome, muscle cramp, headache, hypersomnia, etc.

•Complications of skin system: complications like itching, rash, etc, often appear in patient’s skin system.

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What are diet requirements for FSGS patients?

Diet plays an important role in regulating FSGS patient’s overall condition, but inappropriate diet can also aggravate patient’s condition severely. In fact, there are many aspects should be considered by patients with FSGS, because they can make significant influence to patient’s condition.

•Protein: patients with FSGS should have low protein intake but it should be high-quality.

•Sodium: low sodium intake is very important for protecting patient’s body health.

•Vitamin: vitamin is an important nutrient for our body, so its intake should be guaranteed.

•Calory: moderate calory intake is very helpful for patients with FSGS to protect their overall health.

•Potassium and phosphorus: patients often have the metabolic disorder of these substances, so it is necessary for patients to regulate the intake of these electrolytes. It is more likely for patients to avoid much intake of these electrolytes.

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What are the treatments of FSGS?

Hormone treatment is used in treating most kidney diseases, which can provide obvious effect. But in treating FSGS, hormone treatment is not a good measure, because lots of FSGS patients often have bad reaction to hormone treatment.

Blood purification is a important measure in treating FSGS, which can help make a well internal circumstance in treating FSGS.

Chinese medicine can promoting patient’s self-repairing ability, which can help improve patient’s kidney function, and that is an effective way to improve FSGS patient’s condition.

Besides, controlling patient’s blood pressure and proteinuria is important in treating FSGS, and many medicines are effective for this purpose, like ACEI, ARB, glucocorticoid, etc.

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