Kidney is an important organ for our body health, which can guarantee our body’s internal balance by regulating the amount of metabolic wastes, fluid and acid-base that are filtrated out through urine.
Kidney failure is a condition that patient’s kidney function is damaged severely or patient’s kidney function has been totally lost, which will lead the metabolic wastes to accumulate in patient’s body, and the balances of fluid, acid-base, electrolytes will be broken.
In fact, kidney failure can be divided into chronic kidney failure and acute kidney failure. Acute kidney failure can be cured if patient can accept effective treatment timely, while chronic kidney failure has no cure so far, but patient’s condition can be controlled.
Acute kidney failure is mainly due to the shortage of blood supply, which can be caused by factors like burn, block in kidney, etc.
While chronic kidney failure can be caused by many factors, like genetic factors, autoimmune disorders, bacteria, medicine, virus, etc. Besides, diabetes and hypertension are two major causes of chronic kidney disease, and they also often cause kidney failure.
1.Routine blood test:
In patient’s urine test, patient will have obvious anemia, and more white cells may also appear. Besides, a obvious change is high creatinine level in patient’s blood, and the levels of some important electrolytes in patient’s blood will be abnormal.
2.Routine urine test:
In urine test, patient’s urine amount may be reduced. The osmotic pressure of urine may also reduce. Patients may have less proteinuria but there may be red cells, white cells, cast in patient’s urine.
3.Renal function examination:
In this examination, every index of kidney function will have decrease.
Patients will also need to take examinations like image examination, renal biopsy, etc, which are important for confirming patient’s condition.
Kidney damage can cause damage in many body systems, so patients can have many severe complications and obvious symptoms.
·Blood system: kidney has the function of keeping the clearance of blood, so kidney damage often causes problems in patient’s blood system.
Anemia is a common complication in patient’s blood system, which often causes fatigue. Hypoalbuminemia is also common, which often makes patient to have foamy urine. In addition, the white cells in patient’s blood will also reduce.
·Cardiovascular system: the complications in patient’s cardiovascular system are very dangerous, and they are a major cause of death.
Patients with kidney failure often have cardiovascular complications like heart failure, pericarditis, atherosclerosis, etc. Besides, hypertension is a common complication which can aggravate patient’s condition obviously.
Patients with kidney failure can have many problems in their digestive system. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is common in patients with kidney failure, and patients often have ulcer in his mouth and tongue. Problems in patient’s digestive system often cause patients to have nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, ammonia smell in mouth, etc.
·Nerve and muscle system:
Kidney failure can also affect patient’s nerve and muscle system obviously. Patients may have drowsiness, restless legs syndrome, tingling in patient’s limbs, headache, loss of appetite, problem in concentration, etc.
In skin system, patients can have problems like rash, itching, abnormal skin color, etc.
Renal osteopathy is very severe complication for patients with kidney failure, which often appear when patient is in the late stage of kidney disease.
Patients with kidney failure often have osteomalacia, osteitis fibrosa cystica, etc.and they can cause patients to have bone pain, bone fracture or other symptoms.
Diet can make a significant influence to patient’s overall condition, and there are many common aspects should be considered by patients according to their own conditions.
·Low phosphorus and high calcium
Kidney failure is a very severe condition. In the treatment, it is important for patients to control the root cause of their kidney disease and the complications in their body, like hypertension, anemia,renal osteopathy, the metabolic disorders of fluid, acid-base and electrolytes, etc. And that can help slow down the progression of their kidney damage. Besides, the inflammation in patient’s kidney will also need to be treated, which can reduce the damage to kidney function.
To make a better internal circumstance, blood purification technology will be very effective, which is very beneficial for controlling patient’s condition.
To improve patient’s kidney function, Chinese medicine has obvious effect in this aspect, and therapies like Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy, Medicated Bath Therapy, Enema Therapy are very beneficial for improving patient’s kidney function.
When patient’s kidney function is very low, he may need dialysis or kidney transplant to prolong his lifetime.
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