Under certain circumstances, both healthy people and kidney disease patients may experience muscle cramps. Well, how does muscle cramps occur and what can sufferers do to relieve this discomfort?
Basic information of muscle cramps
In general, muscle cramps may last for a few seconds to several minutes. This symptom is mostly seen on the calf muscles, meanwhile, it is very painful, which influences patients’ life quality to a large extent.
Possible causes of muscle cramps in kidney disease patients
Low blood calcium level When kidneys can not work normally, extra phosphorus will build up in the body, in this way, low blood calcium level may occur. As a kind of electrolyte, calcium has close connection with nerve muscle excitability.
Imbalance of calcium and phosphorus In normal condition, kidneys are responsible for the production of active vitamin D, which can be used to regulate calcium phosphorus metabolism. However, when kidneys are damaged, less calcium will be absorbed by the intestinal tract. And this is another cause of muscle cramps.
Usage of diuretics Sometimes, the usage of drugs like furosemide may increase the excretion of calcium, eventually resulting muscle cramps.
High levels of uremic toxins In advanced stage of kidney disease, high levels of uremic toxins may irritate the nerve system, resulting in restless legs syndrome.
Besides, muscle cramps can occur in dialysis patients, which can be related to low blood pressure or dehydration.
How to treat muscle cramps for people with kidney disease?
Treatments for muscle cramps should be based on the underlying cause. When the root cause is solved, can muscle cramps be alleviated.
-Mediations Sometimes, drugs like painkiller can be used to relive the pain, but this may be not enough.
-Supplement of calcium When it is related to calcium deficiency or imbalance of calcium and phosphorus, supplement of calcium-rich foods can be essential. If you want to get such a food list, please contact us by emailing to firstname.lastname@example.org.
-Restore kidney function To deal with muscle cramps radically, the most important step is to restore kidney function. Treatments like Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy, Immunotherapy, etc can be good choices.
Except for the above measures, patients can stretch the cramped muscle and gently rub it to relax or take a warm bath to relax the muscle. If you are suffering from muscle cramps, do remember to find the root cause and take effective treatments accordingly. Have a good day!