Pediatric kidney disease is not a dependent disease. It has many types divided according to the causes. It is mainly characterized by the increased permeability of glomeruli, leading to some symptoms like proteinuria, hypoproteinemia, hypercholesterolemia, swelling and kidney dysfunction.
Some causes of kidney disease in children
1. Birth defects and blockage
In most cases, children with kidney disease are born with problems in their urinary tract. The urinary tract is made up of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra.
2. Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
An infant or child develops a urinary tract infection (UTI) when bacteria get into the urinary tract. When only the bladder is involved, the condition is known as cystitis. When the kidneys are involved as well, the UTI is known as pyelonephritis, a more serious infection that can lead to scarring and permanent kidney damage.
3. Reflux Nephropathy
Reflux is often diagnosed after a child has a UTI. It occurs when urine goes back up from the bladder to the kidney, leading to kidney infection.
Nephrotic Syndrome usually occurs in children aged 6 months to 5 years, although, it can occur in people of any age.
Common treatments for pediatric kidney disease
1. Rest: Take enough rest, especially when children have severe swelling or high blood pressure.
2. Diet: Ensure the supply of calories but limit protein and sodium intake.
3. Prevent from infections
4. Taking medicines: Common medicines include immunosuppressants, steroids, or antibiotics. Consult the doctors in case of some side effects on your child.
5. Mental health care
Make sure your child take with you. Some children may becomes silent since they have no idea about their conditions. As parents, you should help them build the confidence and a positive attitude towards life.
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