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Polycystic Kidney Disease Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Diet

What’s the polycystic kidney disease?

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is one of the kidney cyst diseases. It is a familial inherited disease which has some cysts filled with liquid in the two sides of the kidneys. Different from kidney cyst, this disease has a high genetic risk.

Generally speaking, if any party of the parents experiences Polycystic Kidney Disease, there is a 50% incidence for their children. If both of the parents have this disease, well, the incidence of the disease is 75%. Therefore, polycystic kidney disease has a high genetic risk for the next generation of children.

Polycystic kidney disease is divided into two types, that’s adult polycystic kidney and infantile polycystic kidney. In general, the adult polycystic kidney disease is the common disease type.

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The causes of polycystic kidney disease

The development of polycystic kidney disease is caused by hereditary factor in a great degree. Also, other factors can lead to this disease. Let’s get a general overview for the causes of polycystic kidney disease.

Various infections. It has been proved that infection can lead to the internal variation, producing the beneficial environment and promoting the growth of cyst. So it is very vital for patients do a prevention for PKD.

Toxins. Various toxins act on the human body and cause a heavy damage on the human organs even threaten patients’ life. The common toxins such as pesticides, medical substance, radioactive rays and pollution should be kept away from in daily life.

Congenital dysplasia. It can cause many diseases like hypogenetic polycystic kidney disease. To prevent the worsening of condition, patients need to improve preparedness.

All above is the explanation about the cause of polycystic kidney disease. We should take measures to be away form renal disease and protect our health better.

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The symptoms of polycystic kidney disease

In the early stage, patients with polycystic kidney disease have no obvious symptoms. Therefore, it may be ignored by patients. but if some symptoms of PKD appears, it means your kidney has been injured severely. Here, we list the symptoms of this disease, hoping you can find an early treatment.

Abnormal urine.

It shows the main proteinuria or blood urine. Both of them are the symptoms in the early stage. The happening of proteinuria has a close relationship with glomerular barrier function. Blood urine is the leading factor for checking cyst.

Abdominal neoplasm

When the cyst increases to a certain degree, there will be some bump in the unilateral or bilateral upper abdomen.

Anemia

Most of the people will experience a process from light to heavy anemia along with sleep enuresis. This symptom is related to the amount of erythropoietin and renal function.

High blood pressure

High blood pressure is the common symptom in the polycystic kidney disease. Also, patients will suffer form headache, dizziness, vomiting, sickness and fatigue.

Back pain, kidney pain or abdomen pain.

Patients are likely to endure the intermittent or continuous pain. This because of the enlargement and oppression of kidney cyst.

Urinary tract symptoms

Such as no urine, urinary frequency, urgency, urine pain, bloody urine, nocturia, oliguria, etc.

All this can be found that the symptoms of polycystic kidney disease shows in many aspects. Every patient has different symptoms on account of individual difference. Do a good job in kidney disease prevention can help you prevent illness aggravating.

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The diagnosis of polycystic kidney disease

Medical examination. For polycystic kidney disease patients, a regular physical examination is crucial.

Serious symptoms.

These severe symptoms include back pain, abdomen pain or swelling and so on. In general, with the growth of cyst, patients with polycystic kidney disease will suffer from some symptoms and can not live a normal life. If you happen to experience these situations, you had better do a check to make sure whether you have PKD.

The following diagnostic methods also are available to detect the number and size of renal cyst.

Ultrasound examination.

A transducer is placed on your body. It emits inaudible sound waves which are reflected back to the transducer, just like sonar. The computer will translate the reflected sound waves into images.

Computerized tomography (CT) scan.

You need to lie in a movable table. A big device which can cast very thin X-ray beams through your body. Your doctor can observe the cross-sectional images of your kidneys.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan.

Lying inside a large cylinder, magnetic fields and radio waves generate cross-sectional views of your kidneys.

All of above introduction is the diagnosis of polycystic kidney disease. Having a clear understanding of this disease can help you treat disease timely and avoid the worsening conditions.

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The suitable treatment of polycystic kidney disease

Polycystic kidney disease is not an uncurable disease, so you can get rid of the pains and regain health as long as you adopt an effective treatment. Speaking of the treatment, Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy is an ideal therapy for treating polycystic kidney disease. This therapy is the most novel therapy in the Shijiazhuang Kidney Disease Hospital.

Micro-Chinese medicine osmotherapy is based on the natural Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and some advanced medical equipment. It is used externally.

Doctors will choose some different medicines according to the various conditions. After crushing, Chinese herbal medicines are packed into the two bags which are put under the patient lower back. With the help of osmosis device, the active ingredient can permeate into the kidney through renal area.

The function of micro-Chinese medicine osmotherapy

This therapy can increase the permeability of capsule wall, extend blood vessel, decrease the oppression of cyst, clean the toxins in blood, transport nutrients, promote the circulation of blood, eliminate the stasis and enhance the immunity.

During the treatment, patients can express their comfortable feelings to doctor. After treatment, patients can get out of bed and walk freely. Therefore, this therapy can’t cause any pains to patients.

Through this treatment, the renal function can be restored and improved greatly. Every patient can regain health as long as you adopt a proper therapy.

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The diet for polycystic kidney disease patients

No matter in daily life or after treatment, keeping a reasonable scientifical diet is necessary for treating polycystic kidney disease and reducing complications. A healthy lifestyle can make life more healthy.

Low-salt and low-fat diet.

Most of patients do not have to change the lifestyle but need to maintain a low-salt and low-fat diet. These foods should be limited such as salty eggs, animal giblets, hard drinks and high protein food including beans, peanut, etc.

Consume some foods contain high fiber and abundant vitamins. These foods such as eggs, milk, lean meat and so on. The protein intake should be 0.6~0.8g/(d.kg).

Drink more water.

If you haven’t the symptom of swelling, you can drink some water to maintain bowels open. Also, remember to control high blood pressure treat urinary tract infection actively.

Limit cigarette and alcohol.

Both of them will cause a heavy burden on your liver or lung and aggravate the condition.

Have a good rest.

In addition, more attention to rest and avoid some acuteness exercise like basketball to avoid the rupture of cyst.

Keep a good mentality

Aside from the above, a positive attitude is essential during the treatment. For patient with polycystic kidney disease should maintain a good mood and avoid anger, sadness and other negative feelings.

In brief, a proper diet and a healthy lifestyle can help you alleviate condition.

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How to improve the prognosis of polycystic kidney disease?

With the development of economics, more and more people are diagnosed with polycystic kidney disease. How to improve prognosis of polycystic kidney disease has become a common issue. Now, I will give you a detailed of this question.

Generally speaking, polycystic kidney disease can progress into kidney failure need 10 years. In the early stage, if some complication such as high blood pressure, blood urine, infection, proteinuria can be controlled timely, it can slow down the progress of developing into the renal failure. You may ask if I have PKD, can I get pregnant? Well, everybody knows, polycystic kidney disease is a genetic disease. If any party of parents has this disease, there would be a half genetic risk to pass on your children. For having a baby, you need to do an examination and consult you doctor to make sure whether your condition allows. In a word, doing a regular examination is necessary for every patients.

At the same time, a healthy lifestyle and proper diet can help you improve the prognosis of polycystic kidney disease. Also, Keeping a balanced and light diet, doing some gentle exercise, having a good rest, maintaining a good sleeping quality are advised in daily life.

You should be optimistic even if you are diagnosed with PKD. Choosing a proper treatment can help you gain a fine prognosis. Sincerely hope that you can regain health as soon as possible.

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