There are two types of PKD: ADPKD (Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease) and ARPKD (Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease). Symptoms of PKD are as follows. If you need help, please do not hesitate to contact us.
It is quite common to have ADPKD for years without developing any symptoms or realizing that you have the condition. Indeed, some people with ADPKD never develop any symptoms or problems. However, in most cases, symptoms develop at some point - commonly sometime between the ages of 30 and 50 years. Some of the first symptoms and signs that may develop include one or more of the following:
● Blood in the urine - which may come and go. This is due to one or more cysts bleeding from time to time.
● Protein in the urine.
● Pain over one or both kidneys. This is due to the enlarged kidneys.
● Kidney stones. These occur in about 1 in 5 people with ADPKD. Symptoms of a kidney stone can range from no symptoms at all to severe pain if a stone becomes blocked in a ureter.
● Abdominal pain and/or a swollen abdomen.
● High blood pressure.
● Recurring kidney infections.
Other symptoms include:
● Pain or heaviness in the back
● Skin that bruises easily
● Pale skin color
● Joint pain
● Nail abnormalities
Some disorders include:
● Aortic or brain aneurysms (weakened areas in the walls of arteries)
● Cysts in the liver, pancreas, and testicles
● Diverticula (pouches or pockets in the wall of the colon)
● Cataracts or blindness
● Liver disease
● Mitral valve prolapse
This is a rare condition which affects about 1 in 20,000 people. Problems typically develop soon after birth. You need two faulty genes to develop this condition. You get one faulty gene from each parent (who will be well but will be “carriers”of one faulty gene each).
Children with autosomal recessive PKD may have symptoms such as:
● High blood pressure
● Urinary tract infection (UTI)
● Frequent urination
Symptoms in children may resemble other disorders. It is important to get medical attention for a child experiencing the symptoms listed above.